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Binary Circle

How can you engage students in critical thinking, implementing Binary Circle in your classroom?

Binary Circle is a dynamic and kinesthetic instructional strategy designed to stimulate critical thinking, engage students in academic discussions, and promote persuasive communication. Through this instructional strategy, students evaluate statements, express agreement or disagreement by physically positioning themselves, engage in peer dialogue, and potentially modify their positions based on discussions. This guide will walk you through the process of planning, conducting, assessing, and utilising insights from Binary Circle in your classroom.


Prepare a collection of binary statements related to the topic or concept you are studying. These statements should be thought-provoking and polarising, enabling students to take clear positions (agree or disagree) on them.


Have students form a large circle in the classroom. This initial arrangement will be used as the "circumference" of the Binary Circle. Start by explaining the purpose of Binary Circle to the students. Emphasise that the instructional strategy will help them express and defend their opinions, engage in thoughtful discussions, and potentially refine their viewpoints.


Read one of the prepared statements aloud to the class. Allow students 5–10 seconds to individually decide whether they agree or disagree with the statement. Instruct students to move to the centre of the circle if they agree with the statement, or stay on the outside if they disagree. Based on their positions, facilitate the formation of small groups with roughly equal proportions of agreement and disagreement. For example, if more students agree, form groups with a mix of agree and disagree. Provide the groups with a few minutes to engage in dialogue, allowing them to express and defend their opinions to each other.


After the discussion, read the statement again and ask students to re-position themselves on the Binary Circle according to their current opinion, considering the insights from the discussion. Observe and note any changes in students' positions from the initial placement to the repositioning.


Repeat the entire process with additional statements related to the same topic or concept. Begin each round with students standing along the circumference of the circle. Use different statements to ensure a range of opinions and viewpoints are explored.


As you circulate during discussions, listen to students' arguments and observe their positions in the Binary Circle. Note patterns, trends, and changes in opinions. Use the insights gained from observing discussions and positional changes to gauge students' understanding of the topic and identify misconceptions. Based on the insights, design further learning experiences, adjust instruction, or revisit concepts to address areas of misunderstanding or to deepen conceptual understanding.


At the end of the instructional strategy, gather the class and facilitate a brief discussion about the experience. Ask students how their opinions evolved through dialogue and whether the instructional strategy influenced their thinking. Binary Circle engages students in active participation, critical thinking, and persuasive communication. By allowing them to physically represent their opinions, engage in group discussions, and reposition themselves based on dialogue, students are encouraged to challenge their own ideas and consider alternative viewpoints. This strategy can be effectively used as a pre-instructional instructional strategy, during concept reinforcement, or as a tool to assess and adjust teaching strategies. Remember to select meaningful statements, facilitate discussions, and utilise insights gained for further instruction and student growth.

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